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A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901 by M. Hassan Kakar PDF

By M. Hassan Kakar

ISBN-10: 9004151850

ISBN-13: 9789004151857

This political and diplomatic historical past of overdue nineteenth-century Afghanistan and its significant ethnic teams lays naked how the floor used to be laid for the emergence of Afghanistan as a countryside in addition to for the implementation of schemes of modernization.

It describes how Amir Sher ‘Ali Khan and, extra absolutely, Amir ‘Abd al-Rahman Khan for the 1st time consolidated the authority of the crucial executive on the rate of the normal independent neighborhood magnates, and hence controlled to arrange a centralized monarchical kingdom and expand its direct rule thoughout Afghanistan.

They did so within the days of what has turn into often called the good video game for the mastery of critical Asian states. even supposing the nice online game led to the aid of Afghanistan in measurement, it additionally resulted in the transparent demarcation of its obstacles according to overseas agreements.

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Additional info for A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901

Example text

When it became known that the sardar had established himself in Qataghan, Griffin sent him three separate messengers. 58 His verbal message was more specific. 61 However, the sardar delayed accepting ‘Northern Afghanistan’ as his domain, and asked the deputation which Griffin had sent to him the following searching questions: When the British Government tells me what are to be the boundaries of Afghanistan; will Kandahar as of old, be left in my kingdom or not? Will a European Envoy and a [British] Government remain within the boundaries of Afghanistan, after friendship is made between us two or not?

According to Effendi the amir “. . , Sayyid Jamal ad-Din “al-Afghani”, A Political Biography, University of California Press, Berkeley, London, 1972, 37, 58. Roy Mottahedeh has characterized the great instigator of the Muslim world in the following words: “He had a madrasah education both in Iran and Iraq. He also acquired training in ‘erfan from an Iranian teacher and himself wrote a treatise on Islamic mysticism. From then on he shifted from country to country and role to role in an attempt to revive Islam as a political force.

In 1878, when the amir believed that Afghanistan was threatened by foreign powers, he levied four Kabuli rupees on each male to strengthen the army. 34 State revenue was then 27 Sykes, Sir Percy, A History of Afghanistan, London, 2, 78. Ghobar, Afghanistan Dar Masiri-e-Tarikh, 594. 28 Lambert, “Statement of the Revenue,” 7. 29 Hastings, Major, “A Short Account of the Ghazni District,” 4, PSLI, 26, Pt. 3, 358. 30 Fayz Mohammad, Siraj al-Tawarikh, [The Lamp of Histories], Kabul, vol. 3, 339. 31 Nuri, Gulshan-e-Amarat, 186.

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A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901 by M. Hassan Kakar


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