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Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic by Ulla Koskinen PDF

By Ulla Koskinen

ISBN-10: 3319406876

ISBN-13: 9783319406879

ISBN-10: 3319406884

ISBN-13: 9783319406886

This e-book investigates the types that the aggression and violence of peasant elites may take up early smooth Fennoscandia, and their function inside of society. The individuals spotlight the social stratification, internal divisions, contradictions and conflicts of the peasant groups, but additionally be aware of the elite as leaders of resistance opposed to the experts. With the formation of extra centralised states, the elites’ prestige and room for enterprise reduced, yet local and temporal diversifications have been nice during this really drawn-out strategy, and there nonetheless remained a number of beneficial contexts for his or her employer. even if the peasant elite used to be no longer a homogenous entity, the chapters during this assortment current us one uniting characteristic – the peasant elites’ tendency to say themselves with an lively and competitive organization, no matter if this resulted in very varied outcomes.

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Additional info for Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700

Example text

36 Indeed the feud was later exploited by the Swedes as propaganda when they encouraged the Norwegians to rebel against the Danish king. 38 Both uprisings ended with executions, but the relatively soft treatment of the peasants in Romerike was the consequence of tactical considerations. 39 Indeed, one of the reasons there were more lenient sentences for the Romerike rebels was the fact that the uprising in Romerike was directed at one of Knut Alvsson’s men. It is important to mention that king’s men or officials getting killed in connection with peasant uprisings were no novelty.

107–146; Jutikkala 22 U. KOSKINEN & Pirinen 1996, pp. ) Social Relations: Property and Power.  353.  345–348. 35.  162–164 (positions of trust, cavalry service, social connections); Jutikkala 1958, pp. 121–128 (wealth, economic activity, mobility, positions of trust); Suvanto, Seppo (1987) Knaapista populiin: Tutkimuksia erilaistumisesta Satakunnan talonpojistossa vuosina 1390–1571 (Helsinki: Suomen Historiallinen Seura), pp. 340–348; Suvanto, Seppo (1995) Yksilö myöhäiskeskiajan talonpoikaisyhteiskunnassa: Sääksmäen kihlakunta 1400-luvun alusta 1570-luvulle (Helsinki: Suomen Historiallinen Seura), pp.

40 In 1494, there was also a riot (upplop) in Tønsberg against the chancellor Jens Pålsson, which resulted in equal measures of mercy and punishment. 43 Then, in 1507–1508, a massive mobilisation of peasants in the hinterlands of Eastern Norway arose against King Christian II who, having abolished the law of Saint Olaf, was accused in a letter of being the cause of the huge discontent “among the nobility, clergy and all free men” in the country. This time it was King Christian, instead of King Hans, who was guilty of “injustice and usurpation” (then store oret och offuerwaldh), again referring to the right of rebellion against a “tyrannical king”, as contained in the Halmstad decree.

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Aggressive and Violent Peasant Elites in the Nordic Countries, C. 1500-1700 by Ulla Koskinen

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